Refractive/Cataract Rundown

Astigmatism: Find a Happy Medium

A surgeon answers the question: How much astigmatism do surgeons have to correct?



How to Handle Astigmatism After PK

A veteran corneal surgeon reviews the full spectrum of tools and techniques for managing these unique cases.



Tips for Using the New Toric Visian

Phakic IOL users finally have a new option for treating their refractive-surgery patients who have astigmatism.


Improving Your SMILE: Retreatment Update

Surgeons share enhancement techniques for small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).


IFIS: Know the Risks And Manage the Signs

Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome has the potential to derail cataract surgery, especially if it comes as a surprise.


Treating Astigmatism: How Low Can You Go?

Surgeons say that even a little bit of astigmatism is worth treating, and cataract surgery presents a golden opportunity. 

Shutting the Door on Epithelial Ingrowth

Surgeons share when to watch and wait, and when to do something about ingrowth under the flap.

Is LVC Possible In CVD Patients?

Long considered an absolute contraindication, collagen vascular disease may not always be a bar for carefully selected patients. 

Two for One: Bilateral Cataract Surgery

Some say immediate sequential bilateral cataract surgery is as safe as staggered procedures.